While we are waiting for Covid-19 to slow down and hopefully end and we are able to travel again, there are a few things to think about and ponder.
No one knows today what side effects this pandemic will have. For us humans, it has been a horror that is not yet completely over. Many have lost a loved one and many have hovered between life and death, others have hardly noticed anything.
Some positive side effects is that for our nature and wildlife there has been a pause and to some extent a recovery. The air is cleaner, turtles have been given the peace to lay their eggs on previously overcrowded beaches and more live baby turtles survive etc.
World's attention to wet-markets has increased, and hopefully the outside world can influence and shut down the wildlife trade altogether.
For anyone who cares about animals, nature and the environment, it continues to be important to further educate and pay attention, all a single individual contribution can help to change.
When I was a kid and went to the zoo, I was not among those who were thrilled even if I had a great interest in animals, but I thought it should be like that and did not think much more about it. The only thing I could see was stereotypical behaviors and sadness from the wildlife.
Many years later, when I was in Thailand for the first time, I paid attention to animals in markets where you could pay to be photographed together with wildlife.
I saw elephants standing at roadsides fully clothed with the carrier, lean and swinging back and forth with their proboscis. I still didn't understand the extent, more than that I felt sick and got a lump in my stomach. When I talked to others who have been away they meant that the animals are well and are well cared for, I had a bit difficult to completely agree that lion cubs that are photographed with humans do it without being affected in any way or the monkeys in chains in the markets who had flapping and stressful movements thought it was okay.
The second time in Thailand all my doubts burst, my husband and I do not go to zoos when we travel and when we had a day left before the return trip to Sweden, and we were not allowed to dive because of the waiting hours after the last dive, had arranged some other activities. We would watch temples, bamboo rafting, and swim in waterfalls, everything was in a package with a guide all day. We had a great time…!
... until our guide wanted to show us that little extra... we walked behind a temple where there were small concrete cages with different animals, ranging from crocodile to kittens. Many of the different animals were probably dead due to lack of water.
At a downed stump of about 1 meter was an orangutan fixed in a chain. He hit himself, screamed, banged his head in the stump, and so on. I was so upset and tears were spurting. Now our Thai guide understood that things had not gone well and explained that when people got tired or didn't want an animal any more they left them to the temples. And according to Buddhism, you cannot kill, which makes it better for the animals to die by themselves.
When I got home, I started googling and finding as much information as I could about wildlife and tourism. It was scary to see how much worse it was than I thought. I read and learned about something called Phajaan and are practiced by anyone who uses wildlife in tourism.
The most famous is phajaan on elephants.
Phajaan is called "crush" in English and means crush/break. It's a method in how to get an animal to lose will, not resist and do what they're told to do whether they're scared or if it hurts and is totally against their natural instinct. The option of disobeying will always be worse.
The method used is pure psychological and physical torture where you first forcibly take the elephant cub from his mother, in some cases while the cub sees his mother killed. The kid gets chained for days to weeks in a cage, so they can't move, without water, food and sleep to speed up the process while shouting commands, hitting with sharp piles, sticking nails in your ears to slowly and methodically break down the animal's own will. If the Baby Elephant should meet her mother after this treatment, the baby would not recognize her.
I heard about an Elephant Sanctuary in Chiang Mai Thailand where a woman named Lek started an Elephant Sanctuary in 1996. Lek has saved Elephants from the forest industry and tourism. In the forest industry, elephants are forced to eat amphetamines in order to work around the clock.
I read about one of the elephants on the sanctuary called Jokia and had been rescued from the forest industry.
She had been pregnant and had to work around the clock, and gave birth while pulling a log up a hill. Her baby died in the fall! Jokia lost the spark of life completely, and the workers failed to get her to work and sold Jokia to the sanctuary. Jokia was at that time completely blind, as the workers used to enjoy shooting with a slingshot on her eyes.
The use of elephants in the forest industry was actually banned in 1989, but up in the north the police do not go, and they use the elephants as much as before. In tourism, trekking and other entertainment of elephants are still common.
My two children chose to go to this reservation to see what it looks like and how they are taken care of. The elephants live in a quiet place where tourists get to dress the same as those who work there, help to prepare food for the elephants, walk with them down to the water where they are bathed. It is difficult to know how the elephants with their trauma feels in this constellation and whether it is good enough for the elephants with that form of tourism, but I understand that money needs to be in to be able to buy more land, save more elephants and inform tourists.
It should now be clear that Phajaan does not only apply to elephants. This applies to all captive wildlife used for tourists.
Tigers that are taken from their mothers when they are very small, been carried around and photographed with tourists for several hours a day. Showing the slightest aggression, they are abused, and even tourists are encouraged to do the same if they show the slightest reluctance. Even as they get bigger, they are used for photography and in some places walking with tourists. Drugged and afraid of being beaten.
The rest of their time they spend in small cages with concrete floors.
In Thailand alone, over 800 tigers are kept in captivity, abused and used for tourists today.
The macaque is a popular monkey in Asia for dance and entertainment. The neck chain is fixed when they are very small, and it usually grows into the skin, with painful infections as a result. To not risk the monkey biting any tourist, they pull out all teeth. Even here, beatings are used to make the monkey obey.
Other species such as trapped sea creatures crowded by humans, sloths etc. are also used to amuse tourists.
It is extremely important not to benefit any of this, and never pay for a few seconds with this type of wildlife.
Now I thought it ended there, and that Sweden might be a little better, even though my zoo visits have not always been in the best interests of the animals. I discovered that even our famous zoo that provides dolphins is part of horror and death. I immediately got anxiety and guilt that I had once been there and probably marveled at the dolphins like all the other visitors.
I was told that there are two variations on how dolphins come to a dolphinarium:
One is the hunt, which consists in the dolphins being chased by loud racing boats and chased into shallow water. There, humans choose which dolphins they want and hook them up with nets in the boat. Some dolphins have during the hunt got water into the blowhole and later die of pneumonia, many of the dolphins that are pulled up in the boats die during transport to the dolphinarium due to. Stress and trauma.
The second way is that dolphins are born in captivity, which is also not healthy and complication-free, both surface and chlorine. In a natural state, dolphins swim over 100 km a day, our pools can never compare with that.
The captivity results in skin disorders, fungus in the bladder hole, weight loss, antisocial behavior, aggression and ulcers of stress. . They won't be as old as if they were living in the wild.
Kolmården has also been involved in hunting and capture until the mid-1990s, and over 60 dolphins have died since its opening. To avoid conflict, aggression, stress and bullying, dolphins are usually medicated to avoid fights.
Today I have reconciled myself to have done things in ignorance, the important thing now is to spread the knowledge and be able to put an end and not be a part to make the hunting profitable, stop bad treatment and trauma on our wildlife, find ways that promote the economy of countries that make it more important to protect and preserve life in its natural state.
The photos above are from the Elephant sanctuary in Chiang Mai.
Feel free to google phajaan for pictures and more info about wildlife and tourism.
Camilla Wennström, own experience and author of text.
WAP, www.worldanimalprotection.se/nyheter/att-krossa-en-elefants-livsvilja (2021-05-23) av Therese Lilliesköld (hämtad 2021-10-22)
WAP, www.worldanimalprotection.se/vilda-djur-inte-underhallning#slice-2 (Hämtad 20211022)
National Geographic (publicerad 20190617) av Mats Larsson, https://www.expressen.se/nyheter/djurturismens-morka-baksida/ ”
Natursidan, (20130415) av Ville Frisk, www.natursidan.se/nyheter/har-kan-elefanter-vara-elefanter/ (Hämtad 20211022).
Djurrättsalliansen, djurrattsalliansen.se/djurens-situation/underhallning/delfinarier/ (Hämtad 211022)
Wikipedia, en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Elephant_crushing (Hämtad 20211022)
Manta is an enigmatic and fantastic creature. The first time I saw it, it was almost like the heart stopped. I saw the big creature come floating, I wished it would like to get close, play and show off, but she wasn't so impressed with us at the time, took a praise on us and then hovered away like a shadow. Though the small moment, I was so happy and overwhelmed…
Knowledge about Manta have been very thin and researches have only been done for a few years and have shown a lot of amazing things. For example, we know that there are two species and unfortunately both species are now red listed as vulnerable. One species likes to stay close to the coast and coral, and the other is more out in the seas and can go down to great depths.
There are several major threats that put Manta at risk.
Partly they get caught in fishing nets and become part of a by-catch. It is also caught for its gills and meats when used in Chinese medicine.
Because they do not reproduce so quickly, they have difficulty recovering.
Thanks to tourism and diving, some countries have realized that the economic value of a living Manta is greater than a dead, which has increased their chances a little more.
The largest species of Manta can be an impressive 7 meters between the wing tips.
The manta cannot be still and resting, but must constantly move in order for the water to pass through the gills and be able to breathe.
Mantas has filtered just like whales and eats plankton. They are counted as a fish, are very intelligent, curious and behave like whales. They love to play and would love to come and swim near divers if they are in a playful mood. On their underside, they have individual drawings as a fingerprint.
They are pregnant for one year, have babies every two or three years, and give birth to living babies.
In this period of pandemic, musings, longings, dreams, visions of the future, plans become many. The list is getting long. What places should we go to? Where are we going first? Depending on the time of year when it is possible to go abroad again, what do we choose and in what order? The next thing I know, I'm sitting for the hundredth time, going through photos and remembering what we've already had done, places, people, experiences... aaa what I long and how happy I am to have experienced what I have already done.
In the meantime, I make a look back to the first 2 abroad trips me and my husband made with the children when we met a little bit more than 7 years ago. We chose to go to Gran Canaria and Arguineguin for 2 summers.
The children were so small that it felt like a good idea to stay in a large hotel that has everything. We got hold of good price and went to Sunwing Arguineguin Seafront with Ving.
A very nice apartment overlooking the stage and the sea at the hotel. Everything you could possibly need was to find at the hotel and my extra son also tried the hotel hairdresser with good results. Many arrangements for children, food, buffet with different food themes every day, drinks, ice cream in abundance. This was like a dream world for the children. Large and nice pools where we kept most of the waking time of day. And just as much fun every time Lollo and Bernie came walking.
One of the arrangements for children and young people was Mini Melo. They who wanted chose a song and started to practice, either mime or sing and dance, all depending on what they dare to do. The evening when it is Mini Melo they who was responsible for the event made a really nice arrangement, so it should feel like real Mello. The kids were standing on a decorated scene with a jury and stage host, they had a greenroom with snacks and the small performers was standing on the main stage as the whole hotel can see. Our girls couldn´t find a song they wanted... the choice was simply to sing acapella on both trips.
Youngest sang the first year "Lady" with Björn Skifs and the second year the girls ran together with the song "Hold me" with Nanne Grönwall. Very brave 😊
One day on our first trip to Grancan in 2014, Stefan and I thought we should do something fun and rented a car to look around the island. Said and done, we went away, and it didn't take many minutes before the question came, "when are we going back to the hotel?". That question then came countless times during the trip while we looked at beautiful views and had lunch at a restaurant that was inside the mountain. After this little fiasco, we chose not to make a new drive the next time we arrived in 2015, we choose to wait until the kids got bigger and maybe not just want to eat ice cream and hang out by the pool.
The trip in 2015 we took a little walk outside the hotel and find a pool at a diving center. The girls wanted to dive, and we decided to come the next morning. The oldest had tried the pool dive at home before, but it is new for our youngest. The center had a theory review of what to think about and how it works. Then the girls had to help rig the diving equipment to learn how to do. They had fun and everything goes so well they ended up doing a lot of exercises like taking out and putting the regulator back in the mouth, filling and emptying the mask, somersaults, swimming through rock rings throwing a toyped to each other, telling how much air is left, etc. A really fun morning.
I really liked the hotel in the sense that everything is available, it is bright, clean, there are gyms, daily arranged workouts in the pool, always something to eat that is well-prepared, evening entertainment with performance and music where we could choose to sit down by the outdoor dining and watch or on our balcony with direct view to the stage. It was different themes every night. I really enjoyed every evening!
What is minus for me and Stefan who gets a bit restless was that there are not so fun places outside the hotel to walk around, but for the moment it’s okay.
With the benefit of hindsight until May 2020, I have to say that this hotel itself if you do not look at anything outside has been the best hotel so far.
If you are happy to spend most of your time in the hotel area, I can really recommend this hotel.
A giant creature that I admired since very little and saw the humpback whale on tv for the first time.
So big, enigmatic, friendly, loving and in its way athletic in its element of water.
And their song that means so much more than you still know scientifically today.
There are many stories about how the humpback whale have saved both humans and other creatures from for example shark attacks.
It's great to see these great creatures jump up from the water and hit the surface with their big body.
The humpback whales belong to the bard whales and eat only during the hunting season which is during the summer period, the rest of the period they live on their fat reserves. Depending on the area, they eat krill, herring and other shoal fishes that they stun with their bubbles, rings into a bubble net or strike with tails or pectoral fins. When the humpback whale hunts in pack, they make a bubble net in a large circle, where the diameter of the circle can be up to 30 meters. The bubble net becomes like a visual barrier where the humpback whales make the circle smaller and smaller where they finally go up to the surface with an open mouth and catch the mass of fishes. In practical and theoretical terms, a human can easily fit into the whale's mouth, but the pharynx is too small for us to be swallowed.
The humpback whale has something called bards and are comb-like slices that are of the protein keratin, which means that they are not as hard as, for example, teeth in other animals. These discs help to filter the food from the water.
The humpback whale swims alone or occasionally in temporary small groups. During the summer period, when it is hunting, they can gather in larger groups to hunt fishes together.
They usually swim 6-12 km/h, but during their hikes they increase their speed to 27 km/h.
The humpback whale can grow up to 19 meters and weigh up to 40 tonnes (approximately 20 passenger cars). The average length is around 12–14 meters, where the female is usually a little longer than the male.
A newborn calf is about 4–5 meters long and weighs about 1300 kg. A whale mother goes pregnant for 11 months and becomes the most common pregnant every two years.
The first thing the mother does when her baby is born is to push her baby up to the surface to get her first breath.
The baby is breastfed for about 6 months and then starts to hunt and eat its own food but have milk from her mother up to the year.
The humpback whale has wart-like nodules spreading over the head and lower jaw that are reformed hair follicles. On the tubers, barnacles often grow, making the tubers even more visible.
Like our fingerprints, the tail and pectoral fins have a personal appearance and pattern, making it easy to recognize individuals.
Sometimes there are people who don't think about the consequences an act can have, or some people do bad things on purpose to be mean.
On my walks, I usually try to keep track if there are holes or other things that can be dangerous for animals. Whether it's big or small animal doesn't matter that much!
In this case, someone or some have pulled away heavy concrete caps from 2 wells.
When I look down, I realize that several snakes and a lot of copper snakes have fallen down. It's dry, and unfortunately I see that some have not survived.
I call the municipality and 2 guys come who know a little more what can be removed in the holes so that I have the opportunity to fit and get down.
For at least 2 snakes and about 10 copper snakes had a second chance to live on.
Everything gets a little limited during the corona epidemic that prevails. However, we are lucky and able to get out into nature where we do not have to be around too many people.
The weather is really an April weather with great variety, it may as well be overcast and hail as to the next moment become sunshine, windless and really nice. Sometimes I think the weather gods are playing dice :)
Our strategy will be hurry out and enjoy while the sun shines. We packed up the whole family with newly awakened youngsters and a thermos containing sausages, accessories such as bread, roasted onions, cucumber mayonnaise and of course ketchup and mustard.
We went to Björnö, and it turned out not to be just us who got the brilliant idea to come here.
There were quite a few cars and people, so we chose to go a different way and found a fantastic, nice bit of sideways without a lot of people.
Sun on cliffs and sparkling water brings peace to the soul <3
Then we'll take a lovely trip to Italy and the lemon coast.
We stay in a five star hotel, outside Sorrento high up, and it is overlooking the sea and there is a small harbor deep in the valley. A winding road between houses, aisles and many stairs, these we will use at least once a day during the trip. The hotel was nice with a nice courtyard, but I do not know what makes the hotel more worth as five star than those who have three or four we have stayed at? The girl at the reception was very nice, but there is a man there too who says a lot of strange things that make her have to try to protect and talk away his mistakes and strange claims so that it will not get too wrong. Guess he's related to the owner or something.
However, they were not stingy with prosciutton, but seem to be very proud of it so you could take as much as you wanted for breakfast.
It is my first trip to Italy, and I am fascinated by the fact that most of the restaurants are called Pizzeria, pasteria and gelateria.
A Pizzeria can be as much an exclusive restaurant as a simpler little snag.
There are lemon trees everywhere, so the name lemon coast is in its full right.
Cool winding roads and long slopes up and down. I am thrilled that the bus drivers are able to turn around on these narrow and winding roads with oncoming traffic. My fitness became much better day by day after going up and down these steps and small slopes several times, every day.
Good chili oil, mozzarella, parma, prosciutto, ravioli, pasta, arugula, sun-warmed tomatoes... it can’t be better.. :) Pasta al dente was not quite as I thought before the trip, and have been taught something new.
On a sunny fantastic day, we took the boat over to Capri.
The weather was a bit varied, but nice enough for us to enjoy and wander around. Here we clearly felt what a difference there is in the mentality towards our little trip to Barcelona. Everyone is happy and nothing is a problem. The Latin translation Pro = before, blem = solution makes sense. And it turned out a little extra when we came to a Pizzeria / restaurant that was full of people, and we glanced if we could find a free space outdoors. We quickly realized that it didn't, but at the same time one of the waiters came and asked if we wanted to eat, and we said we could wait and come back when there was room outside. He was happy, took his hands up in the air and " wait, no problem!" and disappeared into the restaurant. A few seconds later he comes out with a table and canvas and everything that was needed and set up for us. I felt like Lady & the Tramp from Walt Disney :) Great day, I want to come again.
One day we rented a vespa and set out on the surrounding roads to Positano, strange and cool that you can build a city in this way in a mountain gorge. I think I would feel a bit exposed to live like that for a long time, but amazingly beautiful when the sun is on. It felt very idyllic, and we stayed there for a while and walked around and ate some food while we were looking at the amazing view… Very beautiful!
What we noticed was that during holidays such as Sundays almost everything is closed and there was not to much to see more than the view and we are a bit restless and took the train into Sorrento. There it was more up and running and we discovered when dusk came how everything was lightning up and shops and restaurants in the narrow alleys blossomed fully. It was cozy, and we found a small, nice restaurant in an alley that we returned to other evenings that had absolutely amazing Ravioli. We brought in several small plates of mozzarella, arugula, tomato, parma and had to raviolin... Buonissimo!!!
We took a day trip to Pompeii. It's a bit exciting when you've seen pictures and read about it so many times. A little mixed feelings... fantastic architecture, heavy energy and an enchantment of what nature can do once it decides, then we are very small.
Nice day and I'm glad I've seen the place...
An incredibly nice trip, nice people, good food and great experiences.
Here I want to go again and next time I want to live inside Sorrento, so you can walk to everything.
Every minute, a truck filled with plastic waste is tipped into our seas.
It can take up to 100 years for a plastic cup to break down.
When you dive it's not just beautiful bottoms and amazing animals you get to see, hidden under the sea it's more than that.
One serious littering is called ghost nets and is a gigantic problem in our seas. In all times, man has chosen to dump all kind of things in the sea in the belief "If it’s not visible it does not exist" and the problem is out of the world, at least for the moment! Now we all know that this is not the case and, after generations, it has become a serious problem.
There are many forms of littering. Chemicals, leaking boats, plastics, objects, etc.
A serious littering is what we call ghost nets and is a really big problem in our seas.
It is abandoned fish nets in which it sticks fish, birds, whales, seals, turtles and other marine animals.
These nets are made of nylon and other synthetics and can drift around for years in the sea and cause enormous damage.
It can take up to 600 years for nets and traps to break down when it's made of plastic, meaning it's death traps with a prolonged and painful death with suffocation or starvation for many animals.
The fishing industry loses or leaves approximately 640 000 tonnes of equipment each year in the sea.
(Or 52,000 double-decker buses filled with fishing equipment).
Those who fish illegally dump their nets to not be detected.
More than 100,000 animals dies or are injured each year because of nets and fishing gear they get stuck in. Documented is the damage to 270 marine species stuck in plastic or ghost nets.
In addition to getting caught in the nets, fishing cages, ropes, etc. you got micro or nanoparticles of the plastic material when the nets start to break down. These particles the sea creatures believe is plankton, and they eat the plastic, which in turn are eaten by other larger animals and somewhere in the chain it is eaten by us humans, which makes the plastic follow along throughout the food chain.
Microplastics have become a huge problem. ... there is also the slightly more invisible primary microplastic found in cosmetics, detergents, personal care products. That is washed off and goes straight out into our waters.
Eight million tonnes of plastic end up in the oceans every year. Every minute, a stuffed truck with plastic waste is dumped into the sea.
Only 14% of the world's plastic is recycled today, and 46% in Sweden are recycled from plastic packaging.
It doesn't just get dirty in the oceans, the animals think it's food.
It is difficult for a turtle, for example, to tell the difference between a small plastic bag and a jellyfish.
The result is devastating when animals eat plastic and rubbish. It will be a slow and painful death because plastic can not be broken down in the stomach. Dead whales with up to 40 kg of plastic have been found in their stomachs.
(Source: SVT – News 20 November 2018) In the stomach of a dead sperm whale in Indonesia, it was found: 115 plastic cups, 4 plastic bottles, 2 flip-flops, 25 plastic bags, 19 pieces of hard plastic and 3 kilos of plastic wire.
According to a report, China, the Philippines, Vietnam, Thailand and Indonesia currently account for 60% of the plastic debris found in the oceans.
Debris that sticks, so the animals get deformations and deformities fatally or that causes them to starve.
In several parts of the world there are huge swaths of plastic in the water. In the Pacific Ocean north of Hawaii, there is a plastic vortex larger than the state of Texas.
Plastic swirls are found in several places on earth where plastic gather together from different countries.
If you look at how long it takes for different materials to break down, you also understand the seriousness of garbage ending up in the water and nature, where animals eat the dangerous waste.
We can help to dispose our garbage in bins, but also with opting out of products with plastic against items that are used more than once to reduce waste. If you see debris in nature pick with you and throw in the right place, if everyone takes a little here and there it will be a lot together.
Sources and photos:
World animal protection
Since it will take a long time to travel abroad at the moment, the diving craving is getting a little too big.
I'm not really much for diving in cold water, and today it's 4 °C... Brrrrr...
Buut I long so much to dive so Stefan goes to Ecodive and rents bottles, and then we take off with our young people at home with picnic basket and divingequipment.
It's sunny and nice weather, and the water is crystal clear. It's been a long time since I've appeared in a dry suit, so I feel like a beached whale. Eyebrows are freezing and lips numb. After 10 minutes, I've been numb enough to do well :)
Now it's pretty cozy and manages to reasonably press the camera button. Tiny fishes and something I think might be a dragonfly's caterpillar in a straw.
Lovely day with lots of laughter and nice picnic :)
The moray is a little bit a nerve-wracking creature. I've seen it in all sorts of sizes and colors. I think it gives respect and a little mythical feeling. Some say it is aggressive, but I find it very difficult to see, as I would assume that every other diver would have been bitten in that case. Usually you swim quite close and also look and take out the camera and take a pic. What many do not know is that the moray are very teachable, are able to become tame and eat out of the hand. Doubtful if I would do that as the risk still increases that hand vs food can be missed, for the moment I am content to watch and photograph.
Knowledge is power, it is said, and likewise knowledge is something that can ward off fear and show how important and beautiful something is. To give and have a mutual respect for life!
There are 200 different species of morays, from the small one at about 12 cm up to the largest species that can be 4 meters long. It is believed that the moray eel is a bit snake-like, but it is a fish and eats crustaceans, fish and squid. It also has a second set of teeth a little further back in the throat that helps to crush or finely distribute a certain type of food. Morays are mostly out at night and hunts, and in the daytime it is inside a den of some kind.
The morays vision is a little more limited, while the sense of smell is incredibly well-developed. The teeth are long and needle-shaped, and some of the teeth are connected to poison-producing glands. It has a single long fin that runs along the entire back and body. The skin has a mucus condition that in some species is toxic and can cause food poisoning.
The moray opens and closes its mouth all the time, and it is to circulate the water through the gills that looks more like two holes on the side of the neck.
They are fertile at about 3 years of age when she lays her eggs in a safe place where the male comes and fertilizes. Then it takes 30–45 days until the eggs hatch. The newly hatched moray eels are called larvae and are a little translucent and live among the plankton for about 1 year. Those who survive can live 10–30 years.
As many animals do in the wild, they find other species with which they can cooperate. Once they like to hang out with is grouper because they hunt on different surfaces. The grouper likes to hunt on open spaces, and the moray hunt among corals. If, for example, the fish they hunt becomes afraid of the moray, the grouper takes it and if the fish becomes afraid of the grouper, the moray will take it.
I have seen on several occasions the polishing shrimp sitting in the mouth of the moray and polishing and fixing the morays teeth, and the shrimp are very safe. There they live in symbiosis and benefit from each other.
Like all animals, the moray is also needed to keep the balance in our ecosystem.
Merry Christmas 2021
Gran Canaria - Arguineguin
Ghost net and plastic...
Romme Alpin- Borlänge